Mr Henry Dunant
The  founder of the Red Cross and the Red Crescent movements.











The Red Cross Red Crescent Movement:

Mission
> To prevent and alleviate human suffering wherever it may be found.

> To protect life and health and ensure respect for the human being, in particular in times of armed conflict and other emergencies.

> To encourage voluntary service and a constant readiness to give help by the members of the Movement and an universal sense of solidarity towards all those in need of its protection and assistance.

> To work for the prevention of disease and for the promotion of health and social welfare


THE SEVEN FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES
The Red Cross and the Red Crescent movement is guided by seven Fundamental Priciples and they should be followed at all cost.


1. Humanity: The desire to bring assistance without discrimination to the wounded on the battle field,  endeavours to prevent and alleviate human suffering. Its purpose is to protect life and health to ensure respect for human dignity. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation and lasting peace amongst all people.

2. Impartiality: It makes no discrimination as to nationality, race, religious belief, class, political opinions. It endeavours to relieve the suffering of individuals, being guided solely by their needs, and to give priority to the most urgent cases of distress.

3. Neutrality: In order to continue to enjoy the confidence of all, the movement may not take sides in hostilities or engage at any time in controversies of a political, racial, religious or ideological nature.

4. Independence: The movement is independent. While being auxiliaries to the government, must always maintain their autonomy so that they may act according to the principles of the movement.

5. Voluntary: It is a voluntary Relief movement not prompted in any manner by desire for gain.

6. Unity: There can be only one Red Cross or one Red Crescent in any one country. It must be open to all. It must carry on its humanitarian work throughout its territory.

7. Universality: The International Red Cross and Red Crescent movement, in which all societies have equal status and share equal responsibilities and duties in helping each other, is worldwide.